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What are the different types and designs of Tooth Crampons?

Publish Time: 2024-05-23
Toothed crampons are important equipment for winter mountaineering or high-altitude expeditions. They have various types and designs according to different usage requirements and environmental conditions. Here are some of the main classifications and design features of toothed crampons:

Classification by use:

Simple crampons: Usually used for walking on ordinary icy and snowy roads. This type of crampon is inexpensive and simple in structure, but its firmness and stability are relatively poor.

Walking crampons: Suitable for outdoor hiking, crossing and mountaineering. They are cost-effective and made of durable materials, but are generally not suitable for high-risk activities such as ice climbing.

Professional climbing crampons: Designed for high-altitude expeditions and ice climbing. This type of crampon is expensive and has high requirements for matching shoes and boots. Users need to have certain experience and skills to cope with complex and dangerous environments.

Fixation method classification:

Lace-up (binding): Use webbing to tie the crampons to the shoes. It has a wide range of uses and can be matched with any type of boots. But it is relatively troublesome to put on and take off.

Full-clip type: Can only be matched with mountaineering boots with front and rear card slots. These boots have a solid midsole that can hold the crampons and provide stable support.

Front-binding and rear-clip type: It combines the characteristics of binding and full-clip type, and is the most convenient to use, but requires the boots to have a rear clip slot.

Structural classification:

Hard crampons: The frame is generally made of vertical steel sheets and cannot bend horizontally. This type of crampon is mostly used for waterfall ice and mixed routes with high technical requirements.

Semi-hard crampons: Generally, it is a horizontal steel sheet that can be slightly deformed under force to adapt to the shape of the sole. Most mountaineering/ice climbing crampons are of this type.

Soft crampons: They can bend with the sole and are suitable for glacier walking and mountaineering with low technical requirements.

Tooth design:

Flat front tooth crampons: Used for mountaineering and general ice climbing, suitable for snow and not too hard ice.

Vertical front tooth crampons: Due to their strong penetration, they are particularly good at dealing with extremely hard ice surfaces, suitable for hard ice and mixed routes with high technical requirements.

In addition, crampons also have a variety of different styles and specifications according to the number and angle design of the teeth. For example, a general mountaineering crampon has 12 teeth, two front teeth and six rear teeth on the forefoot, and four teeth on the heel.

In general, there are many types and designs of crampons, and the choice needs to be made based on the specific usage environment and personal needs.

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